Budget: Nigeria not spending enough compared to Countries of its size, says BudgIT Foundation 



    …Calls for resuscitation of Joint Planning Board


    Nigeria as a country is actually not spending enough to stimulate economic growth when compared with other countries of its size in terms of population. This is the opinion of the BudgIT Foundation which believe that countries as big as Nigeria are spending more.


    The Senior Research and Policy Analyst, BudgIT Foundation, Vahyala Kwaga who stated this in a roundtable discuss with members of the Financial and Business Online Publishers, FiBOP in Lagos last week Thursday said that the N28 trillion naira budgeted for the 2024 fiscal year by the Federal Government should have been about N50 trillion to N60 trillion naira if the government was serious.


    “So, there is a contradiction, on one hand, we are not spending enough and it’s inefficient. On the other hand, we are spending it very poorly. So, there need for a reconciliation on how we spend and how much we even budget for spending”, he said.


    Explaining that budgets help government to actually know how much it intended to spend,he said, “what this should mean to a layman is the road that you use to go from one state to another to sell your shoes, the money that is spent, the cost of goods that you buy in the market, the security or lack of security that you enjoy, among other things are directly going to be impacted by how much the government spends or does not spend on the budget.


    “But Nigerians need to understand that budgets are just statements, they are not really worth anything unless the government goes ahead to spend efficiently and effectively.”


    While recalling that the federal government in the past, had been releasing reports on how well it had carried out its spending for every quarter in what was called the budget implementation report, he however, regretted that such reports were either no longer available or the government decided to be silent on it where it is available.


    He emphasized that Nigerians had to come to a point where they take the budget seriously and understand that their livelihoods and future, their existence as human beings depends to a very large extent, on how efficient and effective the government spent its money, saying, “it’s not just even about having a budget, is the money even available?”


    “If you recall the issue of deficit, when the government says we want to spend twenty trillion, but we are only going to earn ten trillion, that means there’s ten trillion naira missing. Where is Government going to get that money from? If it is going to get that money through loans, it means that it is Nigerians through their taxes that will pay for that deficit.


    “The governors, National Assembly members as well as former Presidents have very large pensions that can even take care of, even if they want to pay tax, very little of that will come from them. But why is it that it is an average Nigerian citizen that will bear the brunt of those debt payments? These are the things that the budget should show. So, in more ways than one, the budget is very crucial and important and Nigerians only need to take it more seriously going forward”, he submitted.


    Kwaga who opined that it’s politics that influences economic decisions, however, recalled equally that there was a body called the Joint Planning Board where the federal government and state governments come together to plan even as he disclosed that the Board last met in 2021, one year after the Covid 19 pandemic.


    “So, what is the alignment between what the States are doing with what the federal government is doing? If I as Kaduna State needs and this also speaks to the issue of MSMEs, businesses in my state want to move their goods from point A to point B, but to a very large extent, the roads that they drive on are federal roads, at that Joint Planning Board meeting, I can table this request to the authorities and say, these are my needs. With the fixing of these roads, business will go up by this amount, companies will pay this amount of tax, VAT will bring in this amount and you see the federal government and the state will then be earning more. But there’s no alignment between the federal government and the states.


    “When you look at the issue of energy, these are political decisions like I said before. The Minister of Power was saying that the reason the national grid has collapsed is because there’s low gas output. Why is there low gas output? Were they just looking at the gas until it finished? No one raised any alarm that gas is about seventy percent now and so on? People were just folding their hands looking and this has direct impact on the cost of doing business. So, if businesses are spending fifty to sixty percent of their operating expenses on diesel, there is no way they are going to make money. The government will not even have anything to tax.


    “So, you ask yourself, is it government incompetence or is it plain wickedness that prevents them from seeing that they have a direct influence on the very taxes that they want to earn? Not even to talk about improving the livelihood of Nigerians but you as a government wants to collect more taxes, why not make the environment more conducive? But we really do not see that”, he submitted.


    On debt, the BudgIT Foundation Research and Policy Analyst posited that this administration headed by President Bola Ahmed Tinubu was most likely going to borrow even more adding that “it’s sad to see that the previous National Assembly was basically just rubber stamping a lot of requests for loan facilities by the Buhari administration and with not very professional relationship that we see between the current Senate President and the President of the Federal Republic, it’s likely that it’s business as usual and there will be far more debts incurred in the coming fiscal years.”


    He continued, “So, it will then really fall on the media and the civil society organizations to ensure that people are educated on this issues and if we can, though I do not have very much optimism in that regard, Nigerians can put pressure on their representatives in the National Assembly to review these loan requests. Perhaps, there can be some reductions. This is a very complex problem because while we are borrowing too much, we also have to remember that we are actually not spending enough.”


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